Greek Mythology

Greek mythology, as in other ancient cultures, was used as a means to explain the environment in which humanity lived, as well as the natural phenomena that it witnessed and the passage of time through the days, months and seasons. Myths were intrinsically connected to religion in the Greek world and explained the origin and life of the gods, where humanity had come from and where it went after death, as well as giving advice on how to lead a happy life. Eventually, the myths were used to retell historical events, the wars they fought, and the places they explored.

The myths continued to be popular through the centuries, and important public buildings such as the Parthenon in Athens, the Temple of Zeus in Olympia, and the Temple of Apollo in Delphi were decorated with overflowing sculptures depicting famous scenes from mythology.

The Myths

Generally speaking, the imaginative Greeks created myths to explain every element of the human condition. The creation of the world is explained through two stories in which a son usurps his father's place - Cronus from Uranus and Zeus from Cronus - perhaps referring to the eternal struggle that exists between different generations and family members. . The Olympic gods led by Zeus twice defeated the sources of chaos represented by the titans and giants. These gods, then, governed the destiny of man and sometimes intervened directly - favorably or against. Certainly the view that events are not decided by humans is further evidenced in specific gods like Fate and Fate. A more detailed mythological explanation for the seemingly random nature of life is the blind god Pluto, who distributes wealth randomly. The gods also illustrated that faults were punished, for example, Prometheus for stealing fire and giving it to man. The origin of other skills such as medicine and music are also explained as "divine" gifts, for example, Apollo transmitted medicinal knowledge to his son Asclepios for the benefit of man. Finally, certain abstract concepts were also represented by specific gods, for example justice (Dike), peace (Irene) and legality (Eunomia).

About Olympus

Mount Olympus (Greek Όλυμπος, transliterated as Ólympos, "the bright one") is the highest mountain in all of Greece, home to the Greek gods who received the name "Olympians".

Many stories and myths have been told in it as the center of Greek mythology, Zeus the king of the gods ruled all of Olympus and the gods that inhabited it, of which there are the 12 Olympians: Poseidon, Hestia, Hera, Demeter, Apollo, Athena, Hermes, Artemis, Dionysus, Hephaestus, Ares, Aphrodite. A whole kingdom of gods living and controlling the fate of mortals from the heights of their mount.

As told in Greek mythology, Olympus originated from Gaea as a descendant of her along with the other great Greek mountains that were previously considered primordial gods known as "Oureas" protogenic gods and among them was Olympus. Other stories say that Olympus was formed by itself, born from the depths of the underworld, arisen from the river of souls, Mount Olympus had emerged from the deep chaos and the more it grew, the power of the Olympians grew.

Who are the Gods?

Greek religion was based on the existence of twelve gods and goddesses who ruled the universe from Mount Olympus. Each one of them represented something, and because of this, the ancient Greeks worshiped specific gods for different reasons.

List of Gods

  1. Aphrodite
  2. Apollo
  3. Ares
  4. Artemis
  5. Athena
  6. Demeter
  7. Dionysus
  8. Hephaestus
  9. Hera
  10. Hermes
  11. Poseidon
  12. Zeus


  1. World History Encyclopedia
  2. Twelve Olympians